From History Workshop, No. 17 (Spring, 1984), pp. 196-197
The first Iowa Labor History Workshop was held on 16 April 1983, at the Iowa City Public Library, co-sponsored by the Iowa City Local of the Democratic Socialists of America (DSA) and the Iowa City Federation of Labor, AFL-CIO. About 50 trade unionists, students, and historians attended.
The first panel concerned the Iowa Labor Oral History Project. For the last several years, the Iowa State Federation of Labor, AFL-CIO, has sponsored and financed an oral history project with the goal of re-claiming the history of the Iowa labor movement during the last fifty years. Greg Zieren, a former interviewer for the project, discussed his experiences as an interviewer, and talked in some detail about perceptions of social class in Iowa and the experience of packinghouse workers at the Wilson Plantin Cedar Rapids. Ellis Hawley, a historian at the University of Iowa, commented on the usefulness of the project from the point of view of a professional historian. Read more…
The article below is from the February 6th, 1975 issue of the underground newspaper Free Flowing. Thanks to R S for transcribing these articles.
By Central Iowa Anarchists
People often have the notion that anarchists seek to do away with any organization of society. This, however, is a mistaken notion. Anarchism doesn’t stand for no organization, merely a different type of organization. It would have society organized on an equalitarian, de-centralized, and self-managed basis.
In previous historical periods when even the most technologically advanced nations were still grappling with the problems of material scarcity, the anarchist ideal of an equalitarian society often merely reduced itself to equality of poverty. This would almost invariably bring about the deep-seated tendencies to restore a new system of privilege. However, with the continual improvement and refinement of technology, the immense productive forces of modern capitalism have brought us to the brink of a post-scarcity world, and laid the material basis for an equalitarian society. Read more…
The article below was originally published in the February 6, 1975 issue of the underground newspaper Free Flowing. Thanks to R S for transcribing it.
Phoenix Party held a teach-in Sunday, January 26, at the Collegiate Methodist Church. The teach-in was held in conjuction with a national demonstration against the United States’ imperialistic Indo-China policies. The purpose of the each-in was to inform the people of the corruption and fascism of the Thieu regime.
Moderator, Nancy Baumgardner, welcomed an estimated crowd of fifty people and introduced the first speaker, Jim Newcomer, a member of the political science faculty. Read more…
From a letter Pearl McGill wrote home from Chicago on April 25th, 1911:
“They had all the hardest Union workers on the black list. The factory where I worked had the most. They had eight men, and me. I was the only girl in the factory they wouldn’t take back. So because there were so many discriminated against the rest of them that could have gone back wouldn’t go until the [manufacturers] will take us all back and deal fair with us. They don’t want to recognize the Union at all but they will have to before they ever start those factories up again.”
The whole factory stuck by a number of blacklisted organizers who you could count on your fingers. My how times change…
And it seems like the other “girls” in the Muscatine button factories weren’t as involved in the union as McGill was. But:
“The militia got out in the streets at Muscatine the other day to break the crowd away from one of the factories and some of the girls caught a solider boy up on fourth street and took his gun and cap and coat away from him and beat it. Ha! Ha!” (from the same letter)
It definitely wasn’t because they weren’t militant enough. I wonder what (or who) stopped them from joining?
McGill Family papers, Iowa Women’s Archives, The University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City
Many thanks to Jean Burns for donating her family’s letters, and assistant curator Janet Weaver for telling me how to not break the rules.
Juan Conatz just added me as a contributor on this blog. I’m a history nerd and anarchist living in Iowa. I’m currently reading Solidarity & Survival, and I’m going to try to get access to Pearl McGill’s letters in the near future. I’ll be posting excerpts from both of those in the coming weeks.